List of governor general of India UPSC jkupdate

List of governor general of India UPSC jkupdate

British territories were broadly divided into administrative units called Presidencies. There were three Presidencies: Bengal, Madras and Bombay. Each was ruled by a Governor. The supreme head of the administration was the Governor-General. Warren Hastings, the first Governor-General, introduced several administrative reforms, notably in the sphere of justice.

This article will inform you about all the relevant information about the first Governor-General of Bengal, various Governors-General of India, their achievements, and the major reforms that took place during their tenure as the Governors-General or viceroys of India.

list of viceroy in India

Governors-General of India

Year Governors-General of India Major Reforms
1828-1835 Lord William Bentinck
  • First Governor-General of India (Charter Act of 1833 made Governor-General of Bengal as Governor-General of India.)
  • Abolition of Sati
  • Suppression of Thugee, infanticide and child sacrifices.
  • English Education Act of 1835
  • Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata
1835-1836 Lord Charles Metcalfe
  • ‘Liberator of the Indian press
  • detached all restraints on an open press
1836-1842 Lord Auckland
  • Dedicated himself to the improvement of native schools and the expansion of the commercial industry of India
  • The first Anglo-Afghan war
1842-1844 Lord Ellenborough
  • Sindh was annexed
1844-1848 Lord Hardinge I
  • First Anglo Sikh War


Lord Dalhousie (Governors-General of India)
  • introduced ‘ Doctrine of Lapse
  • Doctrine of Good
  • Charles Wood Dispatch
  • Post Office Act, 1854
  • 1st Railway line connecting Bombay and Thane
  • Established engineering college in Roorkee
  • Second Anglo-Sikh War
  • First telegraph line
  •  Establishment of the Public Works Department
  • Abolition of titles and pensions.
  • Started Competitive  examination for Indian Civil Services
  • Widow Remarriage Act
1856-1857 Lord Canning
  • Three universities at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay in 1857 were established
  • Revolt of 1857 took place
  • Note – Post-1857 Revolt, Governor-General of India was made Viceroy of British India and Canning became the first Viceroy of India/British India.

Frequently Asked Questions on Governor-General of India

Q 1. Who was the first Governor-General of Bengal?

Ans. The first Governor-General of Bengal was Warren Hastings with tenure of office from 1772-1785.

Q 2. Who was the first Governor-General of British India?

Ans. William Bentick was the first Governor-General of British India. It was after the Charter Act of 1833 was passed that the Governor-General of Bengal was made the Governor-General of British India.


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